Iraq: Hundreds of thousands of people remain missing after decades of war, violence
Baghdad (ICRC) – The families of hundreds of thousands of missing Iraqis marked the International Day of the Disappeared on Friday, as the office of the countrys Prime Minister pledged to support relatives and investigate cases.
Iraq has one of the highest number of missing people in the world, the result of decades of conflicts and violence. Nearly every Iraqi family is personally affected or knows someone who is.
“We see first-hand the heartbreaking emotional aftermath of a missing parent or child. Families never cease their anxious search for information,” said Katharina Ritz, head of delegation in Iraq for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
The office of Iraqs Prime Minister, during a joint appearance with ICRC to highlight the Day of the Disappeared, said that “Iraqis have suffered for too long from the successive armed conflicts” and that the government “will spare no effort to continue to look into the fate and whereabouts of these missing persons and to bring hope and support to their families.”
Thousands of Iraqis have gone missing, many presumed dead, in violence in recent years. One family told an ICRC team of the agony of searching for answers after Nabil Saleh, a 28-year old father of three, went missing during an attack in 2014.
“There wasnt a single place I didnt go to look for him – mass graves, morgues, everywhere. I just need a grave to visit if he is dead, thats not too much to ask,” said Salah Jafaar, 53.
The issue is a global one, exacerbated by armed conflict and violence, natural disasters and migration. The ICRC is currently following the cases of 145,000 missing people worldwide, though this figure is only a fraction of all the people believed to be missing worldwide.
In South Sudan, the ICRC is following more than 4,200 cases of missing people, many of whom were forced to flee violence and lost contact with family. The ICRC has registered 451 missing people in South Sudan this year.
In Ukraine, more than 1,500 families have asked ICRC to help clarify the fate of a missing relative since the beginning of the current conflict. Around 770 families are still looking today.
In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia and Kosovo, some 35,000 persons went missing as the result of armed conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. More than 20 years later, families of more than 10,000 missing persons still live in uncertainty.
Nigeria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria account for a majority of the ICRCs most recent missing cases. We also follow less recent cases in places like Sri Lanka, the western Balkans, and Lebanon, to name but a few.
Globally in 2018, the ICRC reunited more than 1,000 people, including 840 children, with their families. However, more than 45,000 new missing persons cases were registered by the ICRCs Central Tracing Agency – the neutral entity mandated by the Geneva Conventions.
People who live for decades without answers about their loved ones face devastating consequences, including emotional suffering, economic hardship, and administrative and legal hurdles.
“When a person goes missing, their family suffers unimaginable anguish and distress, so clarifying the fate of missing people is a humanitarian act,” said Martin Schuepp, ICRCs director for Europe and Central Asia. “Reconnecting families is as important to our mission as providing food, shelter or water. People we assist frequently tell us that their absolute priority is to learn if their loved ones are safe.”
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